Do Muslims believe in other Prophets?

A Muslim’s belief is not ever completed without believing in all the Prophets and respecting them all equally. Starting with Prophet Adam (peace be upon him) and completely ending with Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him), Prophets and respecting them is an important element of Islam.
The main 6 basic beliefs of a Muslim has beliefs on all Prophets as a mandatory component.
The Quran mentions 25 Prophets by name–of whome 5 are given the honorary title of the ‘Messenger of Firm Resolve’, namely Abraham, Noah, Moses, Jesus, and Mohammed(peace and blessings be upon all of them)
The Quran says (12:111):
“In their stories there is truly a lesson for people of reason”
As the Quran teaches Muslims not to exalt one Prophet over others (2:285), it is customary to say peace be upon him when the name of any of the Prophet is mentioned to show respect and pray for Allah’s blessings to be bestowed on all these rightly guided Prophets.
Some of the most common names in the Muslim world include Issa(Jesus in Arabic), Moosa (Moses), Mariam(Mary) Yusuf (Joseph) and Ibrahim (Abraham)

Jesus (peace be upon him) is mentioned by name in the Quran 25 times, Mary 31 times (compared to 18 times in the Bible), whereas the last Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him)is mentioned by name only four times. Prophet Muhammed always called Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him) as his father.
Surah 19 of the Quran is named after Mary (Mariam) peace be upon her as the mother of Jesus Muslims believe that Jesus is the Christ and the Messiah. They also believe in his virgin birth, ascension and 2nd coming to fight the evil (antichrist).

Answers derived from Q & As presented in #theclearquran by Dr. Mustafa Khattab

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